That raises the question: “Can we tell the story of Purim in a way that aligns with our solidarity with IAW?”
The traditional way to celebrate Purim is with a Purimshpiel — a dramatic retelling of the story of Purim.
The classic Purim story, briefly, goes like this:
When Queen Vashti refuses to show herself to the King Achashverosh feasting guests, he banishes her and seeks out a new queen. The Jewish Esther, cousin and adopted daughter of Mordecai appears at the King’s palace as a suitor, and the King chooses her for his new queen. She keeps the fact that she is Jewish a secret from him. Haman is appointed the King’s representative. He meets Mordecai at the palace gates and when Mordecai refuses to bow to him, he declares revenge on all of Mordecai’s people, the Jews. He orders that gallows be built in order to kill the Jewish people. Mordecai warns Esther of Haman’s plot, and pleads with her to talk to the King about it. Esther invites the King to a feast at risk of her life, since no one is allowed to approach the King. At the feast, she reveals that she is Jewish and that Haman is plotting to exterminate all the Jews. The king is enraged, and orders Haman to the gallows that he built for Mordecai and the Jews.
Rabbi Lynn Gottlieb imagines a different ending to the Purim story with her New Mexico Jewish community. At their Purimshpiel, when Haman is meant to be sent to the gallows, the Rabbi would ask, “What shall we do with Haman?”
One person would always yell out the traditional solution: “Send him to the gallows!” But then, something amazing happens, every year. The whole audience yells out, ““NO! Don’t hang him! Don’t hang him!”
By refusing to hang Haman, this Jewish community imagines a different ending to the Purim story, one where capital punishment and revenge killing are not the solutions. They imagine an ending to the Purim story that looks a lot like the beginning of practicing transformative justice.
So, again, the Rabbi would ask the audience, “What shall we do with Haman?”
And solutions in line with restorative and transformative justice flowed forth: “Haman should intern with Albert the local Jewish baker and learn how to feed Jewish people; Haman and his sons should take lessons in cultural sensitivity and prejudice reduction by an expert educator in our community; instead of jail time, Haman should work at an interfaith center so he can pay reparations to those injured by his edict.”
During a week when we are seeking justice in Palestine, justice from Israeli occupation and colonization, the question of “What do we do with Haman?” becomes especially important — what do we do when we know that injustice has been done? What do we do that actually transforms systems and structures to reflect more just ways of being? How do we imagine a different ending to this story? By aligning our practices with those of IAW, we can begin to imagine a different, more just ending to this story too.
We can begin to do this by participating in IAW events, marching in protests and rallies in solidarity with Palestinians, giving tzedakah (contributions) to Palestinian organizations like Addameer, which supports Palestinian political prisoners.
This year Independent Jewish Voices members are holding two Purim events centered around justice-oriented Judaism.
Let’s begin to transform our diasporic Jewish communities into more just formations this IAW and this Purim.
By Tai Jacob, IJV McGill